This article will serve as a glossary of terms when it comes to medical orthotics, orthotic supplies and the industry. If you or a loved one need to visit an orthotist, understanding the following terms can be very helpful.
The device fit to a body part to protect, stabilise or immobilise that part of the body, like a brace. The plural of this is orthoses.
This refers to the profession of designing and fitting devices like braces to support and straighten the body.
Professional who design and fit orthotic devices.
A medical doctor that specializes in bones.
A common term in orthotics referring to orthosis that protects and supports a weakened or injured part of the body. They may be used for a short time as part of recovering from an injury or as support over a long period as treatment for a chronic condition.
Cervical Orthosis –
Orthosis for the treatment of disorders affecting the cervical spine.
The act of straightening a joint or extremity.
Pes Calcaneus –
A foot deformity whereby the ankle is dorsiflexed (bent backwards) and the toes are elevated so patients tend to carry their weight on the heel.
Pes Cavus –
The exaggerated height of the longitudinal arch of the foot.
Pes Equinus –
This is technically the opposite of Pes Calcaneus. This is a foot deformity where the ankle is plantar flexed (bent in a downwards position) and the heel is elevated so patients tend to carry their weight on their toes.
Pes Planus (Planovalgus) –
Also referred to as flatfoot this is where the foot looks flat because it is bent outwards.
Pes (Talipes) Valgus –
A deformity whereby the weight is carried on the inner border of the and with the sole turned outward.
Pes (Talipes) Varus –
The technical opposite of Pes (Talipes) Valgus. A deformity whereby the weight is carried on the outer border of the foot and the sole is turned inward.
Similar to a brace, a splint is an orthotic device used to improve mobility while reducing any pain and inflammation. It is often used in treating fractures, sprains and soft tissue injuries.
If you have any questions regarding the terms used in the prosthetics industry be sure to contact us at Meintjes and Neethling. Should you require assistance in either the prosthetics or orthotics industries we are qualified and ready to assist. M&N also function as a trusted distributor of orthopedic supplies in Pretoria.